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Copyright: Fair Dealing

Copyright procedures & guidelines at University of Pretoria, Department of Library Services.

Fair Dealing

Section 12 of the Copyright Act allows certain acts of reproduction to be done without permission. 'Fair Dealing' in Section 12, allows reproduction for the following purposes:- 

  • Research or private study
  • Personal or private use
  • Criticism or review
  • Reporting current events (e.g. in a newspaper or broadcast)
  • Judicial proceedings or a report of judicial proceedings
  • Quotation (a fair portion)

Fair Dealing is not defined in the law but the generally accepted amounts that one can copy for educational and research purposes, are as follows:-

  • 10% of a book or one chapter (whichever is the greater)
  • 1 article from a journal issue
  • A full case study or full law report

Copying just one page may not always be fair, if it is the essence of the work. One has to use one's discretion when copying other people's works.

There are no Copyright limitations and exceptions for blind or visually impaired persons at this stage.

Acknowledgement is given to the University of the Witwatersrand, Scholarly Communications & Copyright Services Office, 1 Jan Smuts Avenue, Johannesburg, South Africa, 2013.